Female reproductive health is an area of medicine that is extremely essential to maintain optimum health in women and children. Access to proper medical care is necessary to ensure that women can detect and deal with medical issues that arise. When dealing with female reproductive health, people often think about obstetricians and gynaecologists. Though people often confuse the two and use the terms interchangeably, there are certain differences between the two. Both obstetricians and gynaecologists specialize in women’s care. A gynaecologist is a doctor who specializes in women’s reproductive health. An obstetrician, on the other hand, care for women during their pregnancy and just after the baby is born. An obstetrician also delivers babies.

An obstetrician specializes in obstetrics, which deals with all the aspects of pregnancy, ranging from prenatal care to post-natal care. An obstetrician also deals with fertility treatments and other therapies meant to help in pregnancy. Obstetricians deliver babies, which gynaecologists do not. Obstetricians ensure that the pregnancy is healthy and that the mother delivers a healthy baby. Some roles played by obstetricians include:

  • They guide the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) for premature babies.
  • They provide care and guidance after the delivery of the baby, with issues that might develop like postpartum depression.
  • Obstetricians are also trained to deal with various pregnancy complications such as:

o   Ectopic pregnancy (in which the fetus grows outside of the uterus)

o   Signs of fetal distress (in which the fetus is not doing well for various reasons)

o   Placenta issues

o   Preeclampsia

o   Delivery through Cesarean section

Meanwhile, a gynaecologist specializes in the reproductive health of a woman, from her first period to the post-menopause. Gynaecologists diagnose and treat conditions that affect the reproductive system. These include issues with the cervix, uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, or vagina. A gynaecologist takes care of non-pregnancy issues that are related to female reproductive health. Some roles played by gynaecologists include:

  • They perform screening tests such as breast exams, pap smears, and pelvic exams.
  • They perform numerous surgical procedures on reproductive organs such as:

o   Hysterectomy- Removal of the uterus

o   Oophorectomy- Removal of the ovaries

o   Salpingectomy- Removal of the fallopian tubes

o   Tubal ligation- Permanent birth control surgery

o   Cone biopsy- Removal of precancerous cells from the cervix after a Pap test

o   Labiaplasty- Surgical reshaping of external genitalia

  • They provide human papillomavirus (HPV) shots to protect against cancer-causing HPV.
  • They provide advice on sexual matters, such as responsible sexual practices, contraceptives, and protection against sexually transmitted diseases (STD).
  • They diagnose and treat issues like:

o   Irregular menstruation

o   Vaginal infections

o   Conditions that cause pain during sex

o   Cancers of the reproductive system

o   Prolapse of pelvic organs

o   Endometriosis

o   Cervical and vaginal polyps

o   Ovarian cysts

o   Uterine fibroids

Most gynaecologists are also obstetricians, providing holistic care. An ob-gyn is a doctor who specializes in both gynaecology and obstetrics. Access to good reproductive care is essential for women to maintain optimum health. Access treatment from the premier gynaecologists in Qatar with Premium Naseem. With our fully-equipped medical facilities, our gynaecologists provide care that is comprehensive and comfortable. Avail the best care in Qatar with Premium Naseem.