Dental imperfections can leave a dent in a person’s confidence. One dental issue that can cause distress, to not only a person’s mental wellbeing but also to their physical wellbeing, is dental crowding. Dental crowding occurs when there is not enough space in the mouth for the permanent teeth to grow in straight, causing misaligned teeth that tend to overlap with each other. Depending on the patient’s jaw size and how many teeth they have, dental crowding can be of three types:

• Mild Crowding: This refers to when one anterior tooth in the upper or lower jaw is slightly rotated.

• Moderate Crowding: This refers to when two or three anterior teeth overlap in the upper or lower jaw.

• Severe Crowding: This refers to when most of the anterior teeth in the upper or lower jaw overlap.

Dental crowding can be due to numerous factors, such as:

• If the teeth are larger than the jaw, they could tend to overlap or twist and not fit correctly.

• If the jaw is naturally small, then it could lead to dental crowding as the permanent teeth grow.

• If a primary tooth (baby tooth) is lost too early, other teeth can move into the gap.

• If a permanent is not able to erupt properly due to the presence of baby teeth. Not removing the baby teeth can cause dental crowding.

Leaving overcrowded teeth untreated can have detrimental effects on oral health. Straight teeth, for instance, are easier to clean, brush, and floss. This, in turn, makes them less susceptible to developing cavities and other oral infections. People with moderate to severe teeth crowding are more likely to develop tooth decay and gum disease; since teeth that overlap are harder to clean regularly. Poor oral hygiene can also lead to general health complications over time.

The choice of treatment for dental crowding depends on factors like the patient’s age, and whether the dental crowding is mild, moderate, or severe. The most common teeth straightening options include:

• Metal/ traditional braces: Traditional braces are made of metal. Brackets or bands are attached to the teeth and flexible wires or archwires hold the brackets or bands together. Some braces include rubber bands or metal ties that link the brackets to the wire. These braces may also involve a device called headgear to be worn at night. These add pressure to help straighten and align teeth. 

• Ceramic braces: The brackets in ceramic braces are made in tooth-coloured ceramic. Aesthetically, ceramic braces are less noticeable.

• Lingual braces: These braces are harder to see because the brackets on these braces are attached to the backs of the teeth, facing the tongue. They are less effective than traditional braces and take longer to align the teeth. Lingual braces can also be uncomfortable as they come into direct contact with the tongue. They are also harder to clean.

• Clear aligners/ Invisible braces: These are clear plastic trays that fit snugly onto the teeth. Clear aligners use pressure to gently move the teeth to the right position and straighten them out. They are removable but should be kept on for at least 22 hours per day for them to work. 

• Self-ligating braces: Self-ligating braces use clips to hold the wire of the brace in place, instead of elastic bands like in traditional braces. These are easier to keep clean than traditional braces.

Dental straightening can be more effective, the earlier it is treated. Access the premier dental care in Qatar with Premium Naseem. Head over to our dental clinic to avail treatment from the best dentists with Premium Naseem.